Kiya Quran Mein Zabar Zer Baad Mein Dakhil kiya gaya

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Kya Quran Mein Zabar Zer Baad Mein Dakhil Kiya Gaya Hai? 

Tehreer: Shaikh Kifayatullah Sanabili Hafizahullah 

Ahl e bid’at ki taraf se baar baar ye baat uthayi jaati hai ke Quran mein pehle zabar zer nahi tha baad me dakhil kiya gaya hai, kiunki ye achchi cheez hai isliye is se sabit huwa ke deen me bid’at e hasanah ki gunjaish hai.
Lekin yeh soch ghalat hone ke saath saath intehayi khaufnaak bhi hai ke Quran mein pehle zabar zer nahi tha, sach yeh hai ke Quran me zabar zer tab se hai jab se Quran hai, albatta usey likha baad mein gaya hai aur baad me likhne ki daleel maujood hai, likhne ki daleel hum aage pesh karenge pehle is baat ke dalail saamne rakh den ke Quran e Majeed me zabar zer naya nahi hai.

Dalail Dekhen:
Pehli daleel:

Quran e Majeed hum tak tilawat ho kar pahuncha hai, sab se pehle Allah ne iski tilawat ki.
Allah Taala ka irshad hai:

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ

Tarjumah: Yeh Allah ki ayatein hain jinhein hum tum par haq ke sath tilawat karte hain (yani padhte hain).
(Surat Al-Jathiyah, Surah No: 45 Ayat No: 6)

Allah ke baad Jibra’eel Alaihissalam ne is Quran ko Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam tak pahunchaya:

وَإِنَّهُ لَتَنْزِيلُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ۞ نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ۞ عَلَى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ۞ بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ

Tarjumah: Aur be-shak yeh (Quran) Rabb ul Alameen ka nazil farmaya huwa hai. Isey amaanat-daar farishta le kar aaya hai, Aap ke dil par utra hai ke Aap aagaah kar dene walon mein se ho jayen, saaf arabi zabaan mein hai.
(Surat Ash-Shu’ara, Surah No: 26 Ayat No: 192 to 195)

Us ke baad Jibra’eel Alaihissalam ne bhi Quran e Majeed ko padh kar aur tilawat kar ke Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko sikhaya hai, Sahih Bukhari mein hai:

وَكَانَ يَلْقَاهُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَيُدَارِسُهُ القُرْآنَ

Tarjumah: Jibra’eel Alaihissalam Ramadhan ki har raat Rasool e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se milte aur apko Quran padhate they.
(Sahih Bukhari: 6)

Aur Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne Quran padh kar hi Sahaba e Kiram ko bataya hai.

Ab sawal ye hai ke kya baghair zabar zer ke Quran ki tilawat ya usey padhna mumkin hai???
Hargiz Nahi!!!
Misal ke taur par (for example) aap kisi bhi shakhs se kahen ke Surah Fatiha ki Ayat «الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ» padhe, fir us se sawal karen ke:
Tum ne «الحمد» ke «ح» par kya padha?
Woh jawab dega ki zabar padha, ab sawal kijiye ki Rasool e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne jab isi «الحمد» ko padha tha to kya padha tha?
Yaqeenan Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne zabar hi padha tha, aur isi tarah Jibra’eel Alaihissalam ne tilawat ki aur us se pehle Allah ne tilawat ki.

Doosri Daleel:
Zabar zer likhne se pehle Quran ka jo talaffuz (pronunciation) tha wahi talaffuz (pronunciation) ab bhi hai, is par puri ummat ka Ijmaa hai, kisi ka ikhtilaaf nahi, yeh is baat ki daleel hai ke Zabar zer pehle hi se tha, albatta likha huwa nahi tha baad me likha gaya hai.

Teesri Daleel:
Zabar zer likhne se pehle Quraani ayaat ke jo ma’ani (meaning) they wahi ma’ani (meaning) ab bhi hain, agar zabar zer naya hota to ma’ani (meaning) badal jaate, yeh bhi is baat ki daleel hai ke Quran me zabar zer pehle hi se maujood tha albatta isey likha baad me gaya hai.

Chauthi Daleel:
Zabar zer likhne se pehle har harf par 10 neki ka sawaab tha, aur zabar zer likhne ke baad bhi to sawaab utna hi hai, us mein koi tabdeeli nahi hue hai, yeh bhi is baat ki daleel hai ke zabar zer naya nahi hai pehle hi se hai, albatta uski kitaabat (likhna) baad me hue hai.

Panchwi Daleel:
Quran ne poori dunya ko challenge kiya hai ke koi bhi Quran jaisi koi Surat nahi bana sakta, agar poori dunya Quran jaisi Surat pesh karne se aajiz (bebas) hai,
to khud musalmanon mein yeh taqat kahan se aa gayi ke woh Quran mein Quran hi jaisi koi cheez dakhil karen aur wo bhi «الحمد» se le kar «الناس» tak???
Is se bhi sabit huwa ke zabar zer ko baad me dakhil nahi kiya gaya hai, balki yeh Quran mein pahle hi se maujood tha.

Chatti Daleel:
Sahaba e Kiram aur azwaaj e mutahharat baqaeda zabar zer se istedlaal karte they, daleel:

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَرَأَيْتِ قَوْلَهُ ‏{‏حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْأَسَ الرُّسُلُ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ كُذِّبُوا‏}‏ أَوْ كُذِبُوا‏.‏ قَالَتْ بَلْ كَذَّبَهُمْ قَوْمُهُمْ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدِ اسْتَيْقَنُوا أَنَّ قَوْمَهُمْ كَذَّبُوهُمْ وَمَا هُوَ بِالظَّنِّ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ يَا عُرَيَّةُ، لَقَدِ اسْتَيْقَنُوا بِذَلِكَ‏.‏ قُلْتُ فَلَعَلَّهَا أَوْ كُذِبُوا‏.‏ قَالَتْ مَعَاذَ اللَّهِ، لَمْ تَكُنِ الرُّسُلُ تَظُنُّ ذَلِكَ بِرَبِّهَا وَأَمَّا هَذِهِ الآيَةُ قَالَتْ هُمْ أَتْبَاعُ الرُّسُلِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ وَصَدَّقُوهُمْ، وَطَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَلاَءُ، وَاسْتَأْخَرَ عَنْهُمُ النَّصْرُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْأَسَتْ مِمَّنْ كَذَّبَهُمْ مِنْ قَوْمِهِمْ، وَظَنُّوا أَنَّ أَتْبَاعَهُمْ كَذَّبُوهُمْ جَاءَهُمْ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ‏

Tarjumah: Urwa ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki biwi Ayesha Radhiallahu Anha se sawaal kiya ke bataiye (Allah Taala ke farmaan) “Jab Rasool mayoos ho gaye aur unhein ye gumaan huwa ke unki qaum unhein jhutla degi” mein (کذبوا) ke zaal (ذ) par tashdeed hai ya nahi? Yani (كُذِّبُوا) hai ya «كُذِبُوا‏» to unhone farmaya «كُذِّبُوا» hai kyunki unki qaum takzeeb karti thi maine arz kiya Allah ki qasam Rasoolon ko to apni takzeeb ka yaqeen tha, phir («ظَنُّوا» kiunkar sadiq aayega) to Ayesha Radhiallahu Anha ne farmaya Aye Uraiyyah (Urwa ki tasgheer hai Uraiyyah) be-shak unhein is baat ka yaqeen tha. Maine arz kiya to shayad ye «كُذِبُوا‏» hai Ayesha Radhiallahu Anha ne farmaya Ma’az Allah ambiya Allah ke sath aisa gumaan nahi kar sakte kiunki is tarah ma’na ye honge ke unhein ye gumaan huwa ke un se jhoot bola gaya yani ma’az Allah Allah ne fatah ka wa’da poora nahi kiya lekin Ayat mein un Rasoolon ke wo muttaba’een muraad hain jo apne parwardigaar par imaan le aaye they aur paighambaron ki tasdeeq ki thi, fir unki aazmaish zaraa taweel (lambi) ho gayi, aur madad aane me taakheer hue yahan tak ke jab paighambar apni qaum se jhutlane walon ke imaan se mayoos ho gaye aur unhein yeh gumaan hone laga ke unke muttaba’een bhi unki takzeeb kar denge to Allah ki madad aa gayi.
(Sahih Bukhari: 3389)

Is hadees me gaur farmayen ke Amma Ayesha Radhiallahu Anha yahan raab ki har bahes ki hai, is se sabit hua ke a’raab aur zabar zer Quran mein pehle hi se hai.

Saatween Daleel:

Allah ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se is baat ki nafi ki hai ke woh is Quran mein apni taraf se kuch dakhil nahi kar sakte, aur bil-farz agar wo aisa karne ki koshish karenge to hum unki shah e rag kaat denge, irshad hai:

تَنْزِيلٌ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ۞ وَلَوْ تَقَوَّلَ عَلَيْنَا بَعْضَ الْأَقَاوِيلِ۞ لَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُ بِالْيَمِينِ۞ ثُمَّ لَقَطَعْنَا مِنْهُ الْوَتِينَ۞ فَمَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ عَنْهُ حَاجِزِينَ

Tarjumah: (Yeh to) Rabbul Aalameen ka Utara huwa hai. Aur agar yeh hum par koi baat bana leta, to albatta hum iska dahnaa haath pakad lete, fir is ki shah e rag kaat dete, fir tum se koi bhi mujhe is se rokne wala na hota.
(Surat Al-Haqqah, Surah No: 69 Ayat No: 43 to 47)

Gaur karen ke jab Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke liye yeh mumkin nahi hai ke woh Quran mein apni taraf se kuch dakhil kar saken, aur bil-farz aisa karne par unhein sakht wa’eed sunayi gayi hai, to ek mamooli insaan ko itni jur’at kaise ho gayi ke woh poore Quran mein apni taraf se zabar zer dakhil kar de.

Aathween Daleel:
Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat ka aqeedah hai ke Quran makhlooq nahi hai, ab bataiye ke jo cheez gair makhlooq hai us mein makhlooq izafa kaise kar sakti hai???

Naween Daleel:
Allah ne is baat ki zimmedaari li hai ke woh Quran e Majeed ko apni asli shakl me mehfooz rakhega, irshad hai:

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ 

Tarjumah: Quran ko hum ne nazil kiya hai aur hum hi is ke muhafiz (hifazat karne waale) hain.
(Surat Al-Hijr, Surah No: 15 Ayat No: 9)

Gaur karen ki jis cheez ki hifazat ki zimmedari Allah ne le rakhi hai, us mein koi cheez ghatane ya badhane ki jur’at kise ho sakti hai???
Maloom huwa ke Quran ab bhi apni asli shakl mein mehfooz hai, is mein kisi bhi cheez ka izafa nahi huwa hai.
Lehazaa zabar zer lazmi taur par Quran e Majeed mein pehle hi se maujood hai, albatta shuru mein isey likha nahi gaya tha aur baad mein isey likh diya gaya.

Dasween Daleel:
Agar likhne se koi cheez nai (new) ho jaati, to lazim aayega ke poora Quran bhi baad me banaya gaya hai.
Isliye ke Jibra’eel Alaihissalam ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko jo Quran pesh kiya woh likha huwa nahi tha, fir Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne jo Quran Sahaba ko padh kar sunaya wo bhi likha huwa nahi tha, albatta Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se sunne ke baad Sahab e Kiraam ne usey likh liya, to kya yeh keh diya jaaye ke poora Quran bhi Islam mein min-janibillah (Allah ki taraf se) pehle hi se nahi tha usey Sahaba e Kiraam ne apni taraf se banaya hai???
Lehaza jis tarah Quran ko baad me likhne se wo naya nahi ho jaata usi tarah zabar zer ko bhi baad me likhne se wo naya nahi ho jayega.
Yeh poori 10 daleelein hain.

Ab Agar koi kahe ke theek hai ke zabar zer pehle se maujood tha aur us ke likhne se Quran me izafah bhi nahi hota lekin fi-nafsihi (bazaat e khud) yeh likhna to ek naya amal hai, lehaza bid’at huwa.
To arz hai ki zabar zer likhna bid’at harghiz nahi. Kiunki is ke likhne ki daleel maujood hai, daleel dekhen:

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ: كُنْتُ أَكْتُبُ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَسْمَعُهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُرِيدُ حِفْظَهُ، فَنَهَتْنِي قُرَيْشٌ وَقَالُوا: أَتَكْتُبُ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ تَسْمَعُهُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَشَرٌ يَتَكَلَّمُ فِي الْغَضَبِ، وَالرِّضَا، فَأَمْسَكْتُ عَنِ الْكِتَابِ، فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَأَوْمَأَ بِأُصْبُعِهِ إِلَى فِيهِ، فَقَالَ: اكْتُبْ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ إِلَّا حَقٌّ

Tarjumah: Sahabi e Rasool Abdullah ibn Amr Radhiallahu Anhuma farmate hain ki main Rasool e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se jo baatein suna karta tha, unhein likh liya karta tha yaad karne ke liye. Lekin mujhe Quraish ne mana kiya aur kehne lage ke tum Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki har baat ko jo sunte ho likh liya karte ho halaanki Rasool e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bashar (insaan) hain aur (bashari taqaze ki wajah se Aap ko gussa bhi aata hai, khushi ki halat bhi hoti hai) aur aap kabhi gusse mein aur kabhi khushi ki halat mein guftgu karte hain lehaza main ne kitabat (likhne) se haath rok liya aur is ka tazkirah Rasool e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se kiya, Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne apni ungliyon se apne muh ki taraf isharah kiya hau farmaya ki likha karo us zaat ki qasam jis ke qabze mein meri jaan hai is muh se siwaye haq baat ke aur kuch nahi nikalta.
(Abu Dawood: 3646)

Is Hadeeth mein Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne apne muh se nikli hue har cheez ko likhne ki ijaazat di hai aur Quran bhi Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke muh se tilawat ho kar ummat ko mila hai, aur pehle wazeh kiya jaa chuka hai ke tilawat zabar zer ke saath hi hoti hai, goya ke zabar zer bhi Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke muh se nikla hai, lehaza mazkoorah Hadees (upar zikr ki gayi Hadees) mein us ke likhne ka bhi jawaz maujood hai.
Lehaaza Quran me zabar zer likhne par is Hadees mein daleel maujood hai.
Allah ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke daur me zabar zer nahi likha gaya kiunki us waqt kisi ne is ki zaroorat mehsoos nahi ki agarche is ka jawaz maujood tha, lekin hamein is ki zaroorat hai is liye is jawaz par amal karte huwe hamare liye zabar zer likh diya gaya.

Khulasa e kalaam yeh hai ke zabar zer likhne ki daleel maujood hai, lehaza ye bid’at nahi hai.


Source : romanquranohadees.com/index.php?threads/kya-quran-mein-zabar-zer-baad-mein-dakhil-kiya-gaya-hai.265/

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