AHLUL HADEETH ” An Attributive Name !! By || Shaykh. Zubair Ali Zai

now-pakkaAlhamdulillah and glorified be He, Allaah Alone, the SalafieeScholars, Ahlus Sunnah and Ahlul Hadeeth wherever they maybe from,we love them, revere them and promote them as they are the inheritorsof the prophets from all the different lands. We love and revere thembecause they promote the divine teachings of the Quraan and Sunnahbased upon the manhaj of the Salaf us-Saaleh and this is the reason andthis reason alone why we love, revere and promote them.

The treatise in hand by Shaikh Zubair Alee Za’ee Rah. is a compilationof the statements showing the position and status of the Ahlul Hadeethand all those who adhere to their way and a reprimand and reminderto those who oppose or those who abstain and dismiss their way. MayAllaah reward the Shaikh for his efforts and increase his reward.

Ameen.

We are presenting 50 statements from the pious predecessorswhich prove the title and distinguishing and attributive name of AhlulHadeeth that it is absolutely correct and there is consensus upon it.

(1) Imaam Bukhaari RAH. (d.256H) 

Imaam Bukhaari said concerning the victorious group, “ie they are the Ahlul Hadeeth.”

(Masalah al-Ihtijaaj Baa ash- Shaafi’ee Lil-Khateeb(pg.47), The chain is authentic, al-Hujjah Fee Bayaan al-Muhajjah (1/246).

Imaam Bukhaari has mentioned from Yahyaa ibn Sa’eed alQattaanconcerning a narrator, “He was not from the people of hadeeth.”(Ahlul Hadeeth)

At-Taarekh al-Kabeer (6/429), adh-Dhua’faa as-Sagheerno.281)

(2) Imaam Muslim RAH (d.261H) 

Imaam Muslim said concerning disparaged narrators, “They are accused (ie disparaged remarks pertaining to hadeeth.) according to the Ahlul Hadeeth.” 

(Saheeh Muslim, al-Muqaddimah (pg.6) before the first chapter, another edition (1/5)

Imaam Muslim further said, 

“We have explained the Madhab of Ahlul Hadeeth and its people.”

(Saheeh Muslim, al-Muqaddimah (pg.6) before the first chapter, another edition (1/5)

Imaam Muslim said concerning, Ayoob as-Sakhtiyaanee, Ibn A’un, Maalik ibn Anas, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Yahyaa ibn Sa’eed al- Qattaan, Abdur-Rahman ibn Mahdee and those who came after them as,

“They are the Ahlul Hadeeth.” 

(Saheeh Muslim, al-Muqaddimah (pg.22) Chapter the correct deduction of al-MAanAan, another edition (1/26), another edition (1/23)

(3) Imaam Shaafi’ee RAH. (d.204H) 

Imaam Muhammad bin Idrees as-Shaafi’ee said.. ”  concerning a weak narration,

“Something similar is not established according to the Ahlul Hadeeth.”

(As-Sunan al-Kubraa of Baihaqee (1/260), the chain is authentic)

Imaam Shaaf’iee also said,

“Whenever I see a man from the Ashaabul (People/companions) of Hadeeth then it is as if I have seen the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) alive.”

(Sharf Ashaabul Hadeeth of Khateeb (no.85) the chain is authentic.)

(4) Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal RAH (d.241H)..

Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked concerning the victorious group, he replied, “If the victorious group are not the Ashaabul Hadeeth then I do not know who is.”

(Ma’arifah Uloom al-Hadeeth of Haakim (pg.2 no.3) the chain is good and Ibn Hajr authenticated it in Fath ul-Baari (13/293) under hadeeth (no.7311)

(5) Imaam Yahyaa ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan RAH (d.198H)

Imaam Yahyaa ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan said concerning Suliemaan bin Tarkhaan at-Taymee, “Taymee according to us is from amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth.”

(Musnad Alee bin Ja’ad (1/594) hadeeth no. 1354 and the chain is authentic, another edition (no. 1314), al-Jarh Wat-Ta’deel of Ibn Abee Haatim (4/125) and the chain is authentic)

Concerning another narrator of hadeeth, Imraan bin Qudaamah al-Ummee, Yahyaa al-Qattaan said,
“But he was not from the Ahlul Hadeeth.”(al-Jarh Wat-Ta’deel (6/303) the chain is authentic.)

(6) Imaam Tirmidhee (d.279H)
Imaam Tirmidhee said about a narrator by the name of Abu Zaid, “and the man Abu Zaid is unknown according to Ahlul Hadeeth
(Sunan Tirmidhee (no.88)

(7) Imaam Abu Dawood RAH (d.275H)
Imaam Abu Dawood as-Sijastaanee said, “According to the normal Ahlul Hadeeth.”
(Risaalah Abee Dawood Ilaa Makkah Fee Wasaf asSunnah (pg.30), manuscript form (pg.1)

(8) Imaam Nasaa’ee RAH (d.303H) Imaam Nasaa’ee said,
“and there is benefit for the people of Islaam and from amongst them are, the Ahlul Hadeeth the ones with knowledge, fiqh and Quraan.”
(Sunan Nasaa’ee (7/135 no 4147), at-Ta’aleeqaat as-Salafiyyah (no.4152)
(9) Imaam Ibn Khuzaimah RAH  (d.311H) Imaam Muhammad ibn Ishaaq bin Khuzaimah al- Neesaabooree said concerning a hadeeth, “We have not seen any differences amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth and this report is authentic in terms of being narrated.”

(Saheeh Ibn Khuzaimah (1/21 no.31)

(10) Imaam Ibn Hibbaan RAH (d.354H) Haafidh Muhammad bin Hibbaan al-Bustee established the following chapter heading for a hadeeth, “In mentioning the hadeeth by which some of the Mu’attilah (those who deny Allaahs attributes) censure the Ahlul Hadeeth because they are deprived from divine guidance in relation to its correct meaning.”

(Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan, al-Ehsaan (no.566), another edition (no.565)

At another instance Haafidh Ibn Hibbaan mentioned the following attribute of the Ahlul Hadeeth, “They act upon the Sunnah, defend it and annihilate its opponents.”

(Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan, al-Ehsaan (no.6129), another edition (no.6162) also refer to (1/140 before hadeeth no (61)

(11) Imaam Abu Awaanah (d.316H)

Imaam Abu Awanaah Isfarainee concerning an issue says to Imaam Muzanee, “There is difference of opinion amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth (the people of Hadeeth)”

(Musnad Abee Awaanah 1/49)

(12) Imaam Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Saaleh al-Ejlee RAH (d.261H)
Imaam Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Saaleh al-Ejlee said concerning Imaam Sufyaan Ibn Uyainah “So some of the Ahlul Hadeeth say he is the most established (ie trustworthy) from amongst the people about the Hadeeth of az-Zuhree.”
(Ma’rifatuth-Thiqaat 1/417 no.631 and no.577 in another edition)
(13) Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim anNeesabooree RAH (d.405H)

Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim an-Neesabooree said concerning Imaam Yahya Ibn Maeen, “The Imaam of Ahlul Hadeeth.”
(al-Mustadrak 1/198 no.710)

(14) Imaam Abu Ahmad Haakim al-Kabeer RAH (d.378H)He wrote a book called the Shi’aar Ahlul Hadeeth (Signs of Ahlul Hadeeth).

(15) Imaam Muhammad bin Yoosuf al-Faryaabee RAH (d.212H) He said,
“we saw Sufyaan ath-Thawree in koofah and we were a group of

Ahlul Hadeeth”



(al-Jarh wat-Tadeel 1/60, the chain is authentic)

(16) Imaam Ja’afar bin Muhammad al-Faryaabee RAH (d.301H)
He said concerning Ibraheem bin Moosaa al-Wasdoolee, “and his son is from the Ahlul Hadeeth and he his name is Ishaaq”
(al-Kaamil of Ibn Adiyy 1/271, another edition 1/440, and it’s chain is authentic)

(17) Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazee RAH (d.277H)
Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazee a famous Imaam of Asmaa urRijaal said, “and anything theAhlul Hadeeth agree on constitutes evidence”
(Kitaab al-Maraaseel pg.192, no.703)(18) Imaam Abu Ubaid al-Qaasim bin Salaam RAH  (d.224H) He said concerning a report,

“so some of the Ahlul Hadeeth take from this”

(Kitaab at-Tahoor pg.173 of Abee Ubaid, al-Awsth of Ibn alMundhir 1/265)

(19) Imaam Abu Bakr bin Abee Dawood RAH(d.316H) The son the great Imaam and author of Sunan Abee Dawood who is truthful according the great majority said, “and do not be from those who toy with their religion for you may become from those who curse and criticise the Ahlul Hadeeth

(Kitaab ash-Shareeah (pg.975) of Imaam Muhammad bin al-Hussain al-Aajurree, and it’s chain is authentic)

(20) Imaam Ahmad bin Amr bin Dhihaak bin Mukhlad Ibn Abee Aasim RAH (d.287H)
Imaam Ibn Abee Aasim said about a narrator, “he is a man from the Ahlul Hadeeth and he is trustworthy

(al-Ahaad Wal-Mathaanee 1/428 no.604)

(21) Haafidh Abu Hafs Umar Ibn Shaheen RAH (d.385H)
He has mentioned the statement of Imaam Yahyaa al-Qattaan concerning Imraan al-U’ama, “he was however not from the Ahlul Hadeeth
(Taarekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat no.1084)

(22) Abu Ishaaq Ibraheem bin Yaqoob al-Juzjaanee RAH (d.259H)He said, “and then this well known amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth”

(Ahwaal ar-Rijaal pg.43 no.10 also refer to pg.214)

(23) Imaam Ahmad bin Sinaan al-Wasitee RAH  (d.259H)

He said, “there are no people of innovation in this world except that they have enmity for the Ahlul Hadeeth” (Ma’arifah Uloom al-Hadeeth of Haakim pg.4 no.6 and the chain is authentic)

So we find whoever has enmity for the people of Hadeeth or he speaks bad about the Ahlul Hadeeth then he is an innovator.

(24) Imaam Alee bin Abdullah al-Madeenee RAH (d.234H)The teacher of Imaam Bukhaari, whilst explaining a narration said, “so he is Ahlul Hadeeth

(Sunan Tirmidhee no.2229, A’aridahtulAhwazee 9/74)

(25) Imaam Qutaibah Ibn Saeed RAH (d.240H) he said,
“when I see someone loving the Ahlul Hadeeth then he is upon the Sunnah”
(Sharf Ashaabul Hadeeth no.143 and it’s chain is authentic)
(26) Imaam Qutaibah ad-Deenawari RAH (d.276H)
The scholar of Hadeeth the truthful, Imaam Qutaibah adDeenawari (d.276h) authored a book, “Ta’weel Mukhtaliful-Hadeeth Fee Radd A’daa Ahlul Hadeeth” and in it he has severely refuted the enemies of Ahlul Hadeeth.
(27) Imaam Ahmad bin al-Hussain al-Baihaqi RAH (d.458H) He wrote that Maalik bin Anas, Awzaa’ee, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan Ibn Uyainah, Hamaad Ibn Zayd, Hamaad Ibn Salamah, Shaafiee, Ahmad, Ishaaq Ibn Rahawaihah were all from the Ahlul Hadeeth.

(Kitaab al-Eitiqaad wa Bidaayah Ilaa Sabeel ur-Rishaad pg.180 of Baihaqi )

(28) Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Ibraheem alIsma’eelee RAH (d.371H)He said concerning a narrator, “he was not from the Ahlul Hadeeth

(Kitaab al-Mu’ajam 1/469 no.121)

(29) Imaam Khateeb al-Baghdaadee RAH  (d.463H) He authored a book on the virtue of the Ahlul Hadeeth called ‘Sharf Ashaabul Hadeeth’ and there is another book titled ‘Naseehah Ahlul Hadeeth’

(refer to Taareekh Baghdaad 1/224 no.51)

(30) Imaam Abu Na’eem Asbahaanee RAH (d.430H)

He said concerning a narrator “his troublemaking is not hidden from the scholars of Ahlul Hadeeth” (al-Mustakharj Ala Saheeh Muslim 1/67 no.89)

He further said, “and Shaafiee has leaned towards the madhab of Ahlul Hadeeth”(Hilyatul Auliyaa 9/112)

(31) Haafidh Muhammad bin Ibraheem bin alMundhir an-Neesabooree RAH (d.318H) He said concerning his companions and Imaam ash-Shaafiee that they were Ahlul Hadeeth.

(al-Awsth 2/307, no.915)

(32) Imaam Abu Bakr Muhammad bin al-Hussain al-A’ajurree RAH (d.360H)

He said, “this is advice to my brothers from the people of the Quraan and the Ahlul Hadeeth, the people of fiqh and other than them from amongst the Muslims”(ash-Sharee’ah pg.3 and pg.7 another edition)

(33) Haafidh Yoosuf bin Abdullah bin Muhammad Ibn Abdul Barr RAH (d.463H) He said, “a group from amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth said….”

(at-Tamheed 1/16)

(34) Haafidh Ibn Taymiyyah al-Harranee RAH (d.728H) He said in answering a question, “all praise be to Allah, so Bukhaari and Abu Dawood were the Imams of fiqh and ijtihaad and as for Imaams Muslim, Tirmidhee, Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Ibn Khuzaimah, Abu Ya’ala and Bazzaar all of them were upon the Madhab ofAhlul Hadeeth and none of them were muqallids of any particular Imaam nor were they mujtahid mutlaqs”

(Majmoo’a Fataawa 20/40)

(35) Shaikh Ibn Rasheed al-Fehree RAH  (d.721h)

He said concerning the major scholars eg Imaam Ayoob asSakhtiyaanee, “they were from the Ahlul Hadeeth(as-Sunan al-Abayn pg.119 and pg.124)

(36) Haafidh Ibn al-Qayyim (d.751H)He said in his famous Qasedah Nooniyyah “Oh you who have hatred and abuse the Ahlul Hadeeth, glad tidings to you for your friendship with Shaytaan.”

(al-Kaafiyya ash-Shaafiyyah Fee Intisaar al-Firqatun-Naajiyyah pg.99)

(37) Haafidh Ismaa’eel Ibn Katheer ad-Dimashqi RAH (d.774H) He said in his explanation to verse no 71 of Soorah Banee Israaeel (17) “And remember) the Day when We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) imaams ““Some of the Salaf have said this is the greatest virtue of the Ashaabul-Hadeeth(ie the people of Hadeeth) that their Imaam will be Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam)”

(Tafseer Ibn Katheer 4/164)

(38) Imaam Ibn al-Munaadee al-Baghdaadee RAH  (d.336H)He said concerning Qaasim bin Zakariyyah Yahyaaal-Matraz, “He is from the Ahlul Hadeeth and he is truthful”

(Taareekh Baghdaad 12/441 no6910 and its chain is sound)

(39) Imaam Shairawiyyah bin Shehrdaar adDailaamee RAH (d.509H)The famous historian of Dailam he said concerning Abdur Rahmaan bin Ahmad bin Abduth-Thaqafee al-Hamdaanee in his book of history, “The general people of Ahlul Hadeeth from our land have narrated from him and he was trustworthy and strong and firm”

(Siyaar A’laam an-Nabula 14/438)

(40) Imaam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Alee bin Abdullah bin Muhammad as-Sooree RAH(d.441H)

He was the Famous Imaam of Baghdaad he said, “Say to those who hate the Hadeeth and its People and speak ill of them what are you saying to knowledge, if it is from ignorance then being ignorant is from the stupid one,s Do you speak ill of those who saved the religion from baseless and futile things.”

(Tadhkirratul-Huffadh 3/1117 no.1002 sound chain, (Siyaar A’laam anNabula 14/438), al-Muntadham 15/324 of Ibn al-Jawzee)

(41) Imaam Suyootee RAH (d.911H) He said in explanation of the verse. “And remember) the Day when We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imam (Sooralal-Israa 17:71)  “There is no better virtue for the Ahlul Hadeeth than that because there is no other Imaam for the Ahlul Hadeeth other than the Messenger of Allaah (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam)”

(Tadreeb ur-Raawee 2/126)

(42) Imaam Ismaaeel bin Muhammad bin Fadhal al-Asbaahanee RAH (d.535H) He said, “Mention the Ahlul Hadeeth as they are the group upon the truth until the hour is established.”

(al-Hujjah Fee Bayaan al-Muhajjah Wa Sharh Aqeedah Ahlus Sunnah 1/246)

(43) Qaadhee Hasan bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Khalaad Raamehrmuzee RAH (d.360H) He said, “Allaah has given virtue to the Hadeeth and his blessing to the Ahlul-Hadeeth.”

(al-Muhaddith al-Faasil Bayna ar-Raawee wal-Wa’awee pg.159 no.1)

(44) Hafs bin Ghiyath RAH (d.194H) He was asked concerning the people of Hadeeth ie the Ashaabul Hadeeth he replied, “They are the best (ie good) from the people of this world”

( Ma’arifah Uloom al-Hadeeth pg.3 no.3 of Imaam Haakim and its chain is authentic )

(45) Abul Fath Nasr bin Ibraaheem al-Maqdisee RAH (d.490H)

He said, “Chapter: The virtue of Ahlul Hadeeth”

(al-Hujjah A’la Tareeq al-Muhajjah 1/325)

(46) Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Muflih alMaqdisee RAH  (d.763H) He said,

“The Ahlul Hadeeth are the saved group who are established upon the truth”

(al-Adaab ash-Sharee’ah 1/211)

(47) Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Ameer alYamaanee RAH (d.840H), He said, “upon you (ie to stick) to the virtuous of Ashaabul-Hadeeth (people of Hadeeth)you will find with them all guidance and virtues.”

(ar-Raudh al-Baasim Fe Dhab Ann Sunnah Abil-Qaasim 1/146)

(48) Haafidh Ibn as-Salaah d.806H)

After mentioning the conditions for an authentic hadeeth he said, “This is the hadeeth which is graded to be authentic without any differing amongst the Ahlul Hadeeth.”

(Uloom al-Hadeeth well known as Muqaddimah Ibn as-Salaah with Sharh of al-A’raqee pg.20)

(49) Abu Ismaa’eel Abdur Rahmaan bin Ismaa’eel as-Saboonee RAH (d.449H) 

He wrote a book titled, ‘Aqeedatus-Salaf Wa Ashaabul Hadeeth’ in it he says, “The Ahlul Hadeeth have the Aqeedah, they testify Allaah The Glorious is above the seven heavens upon his Throne.”

(Aqeedatus-Salaf AshaabulHadeeth pg.14)

(50) Abu Mansoor Abdul Qaahir bin Taahir bin Muhammad al-Baghdaadee RAH (d.429H) He said concerning the people of Shaam, “All of them are upon the Madhab of Ahlul Hadeeth from Ahlus-Sunnah”

(Usool ud deen pg.317).

NOTE : 

So from these 50 statements we have proved the attributive name of the Muslims is Ahlul Hadeeth as it was for the Muhaajireen, the Ansaar and Ahlus-Sunnah and there is Ijmaa on this permissibility on the usage of this title. Not a single Imaam said it is incorrect to use the term of Ahlul Hadeeth, nor said it is impermissible or said it is an innovation however some Khawaarij and those who sympathise with them hate the title of Ahlul Hadeeth, they say it is an innovation and say it is a sectarian name and make fun of it and by doing so they oppose the ijmaa (consensus) of all of the scholars of hadeeth and the Muslims.

JAZAK ALLAH KHAIR…

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